by Paul Sturges

From 2003-2009, Paul Sturges was Chair of the IFLA Freedom of Access Information and Freedom of Expression Committee. The following are his publications relevant to those themes from before and during his tenure of office. They include formally published articles, but also papers in conference proceedings and other collections that may be available in the countries in which they originally appeared.


‘Freedom of Information, Personal Privacy and the Librarian’. In: Proceedings of SCECSAL Xl, Blantyre, Malawi July 1994. Malawi Library Association, 1995.pp. 18-34.

‘Ethical implications of computer technology for librarians’, with C. Pritchett and B. Scully, ETHICOMP95: An International Conference on the Ethical Issues of Using Information Technology: Proceedings, De Montfort University, Leicester, 28‑30 March 1995, 1995, Vol 2.

‘The librarian and some ethical implications of electronic information provision’. Informationsspezialisten Zwischen Technik und Gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung, FH Stuttgart HBI, Stuttgart, 4‑5 December 1995, 1995, pp. 125‑134.


‘The Chain of Information Provision in the Villages of Malawi’, with G. Chimseu, International Information and Library Review, 28, (1996), pp. 135‑156.

‘Legal Issues for Electronic Information Providers’. Vine 102, (Mar. 1996) pp. 49­-52.


‘A skeptical review of the library and technology transfer’.   In: J. Watkins and P. Connolly eds., The role of libraries in economic development.  Papers from the conference held in Ljubljana, Apr. 1997, IFLA Office for UAP, 1997, pp. 147-152.

‘Social intelligence for developing countries: the role of grey literature’.   In: Perspectives on the design and transfer of scientific and technical information: Third International Conference on Grey Literature, Luxembourg, Nov. 1997, pp. 31-45.


‘The political economy of information: Malawi under Kamuzu Banda, 1964-1994’. International Information and Library Review, 30, (1998), pp185-201.


‘Freedom of expression and communication: the challenge of network public access points’. In: Twenty-First Century Information Society: the Role of Library Associations. Proceedings of a Conference organised by the Open Society Institute in collaboration with the Council of Europe, Budapest, 10-13 May 1998. Open Society Institute, 1999, pp.66-74.

‘Freedom of expression and public access to networks: the Council of Europe study and Draft Charter’. FID Review, 1, 1 (1999), pp.42-48.

‘The Internet and the academic library: some problematic aspects’. Knjiznicarstvo, 3, 1-2 (1999), pp.4-31.


‘Secrets, sex and software piracy: the future of access to Internet content’. In: Access 2000: intellectual property vs. the right to knowledge? Proceedings of the 8th International BOBCATSSS Symposium on Library and Information Science, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, January 24-26 2000. Copenhagen: Royal School of Library and Information Science, 2000, pp.279-292.

‘Records management in Africa: three case studies and a proposal’. In: J. Chisenga et al eds. Information 2000: a vision for the SCECSAL region. Papers presented at the 14th Standing Conference of Eastern, Central and Southern African Librarians (SCECSAL 2000) 10-15 April, 2000, Windhoek, Namibia. Windhoek: Namibia Information Workers Association, 2000, pp.218-228.

‘Freedom of expression and communications networks’. In: M. Kocojowa ed. Users of Electronic Information, Krakow, 7-8 June 1999. Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press, 2000.

‘The Council of Europe, freedom of expression and public access to networked information’. In: Internet and Society: collection of materials of the International Conference, July 27-28, 2000, Yerevan, Armenia. Yerevan: 2000. Pp.3-14.

‘The Internet and academic freedom: implications for the university library’. In: Academic Libraries as Centres of Education and Research for the Third Millennium. Proceedings of the Eighth Panhellenic Conference of Academic Librarians, Rhodes, 20-22 Oct. 1999. Rhodes: 2000, pp.113-126.

‘The Council of Europe, freedom of expression and public access to networked information’. IFLA Journal, 26, 4 (2000), pp.280-283.

Sloboda izrazavanja I javni pristup mrezama’ Vjesnik Bibliotekara Hrvatske, 43, 3 (2000) pp.7-19.


Public access and freedom of expression in networked information: guidelines for a European cultural policy. Council of Europe Publishing, 2001. ISBN 92-871-4651-9. 45p.

‘Privacy in the digital library’. In: Bynum, T.W. et al. eds. Social and ethical impacts of information and communication technologies. Proceedings of the Fifth ETHICOMP Conference, Gdansk, 18-20 June 2001. Gdansk: Ethicomp, 2001, pp.325-335.

‘Internet, freedom of expression and public access points’. In: Firsov, V.R. et al. eds. Tsenzura v Rossii St. Petersburg, National Library of Russia, 2001, pp.230-251.

‘The library and freedom of information: agent or icon?’ Alexandria 13, 1 (2001) pp.3-16.

‘User privacy in the digital library environment: a matter of concern for information professionals’. With Vincent Teng and Ursula Iliffe, Library Management 22, 8/9 [2001] pp.364-370.

‘The Council of Europe Guidelines’. Multimedia Information Technology 27, 2 (2001) pp.144-147.


Public internet access in libraries and information services. Facet Publishing, 2002. ISBN 1-85604-425-4. 220p.

‘The first rule of netiquette and the librarian’. In: Badovinac, B. et al eds. Human beings and information specialists. Proceedings of 10th International BOBCATSSS Symposium on Library and Information Science, Portoroz, Slovenia, Jan 28-30, 2002. Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, 2002, pp.26-34.

‘Remember the human: the first rule of netiquette, librarians and the Internet’. Online Information Review 26, 3, [2002] pp.209-216.


‘Doing the right thing: professional ethics for information workers in Britain’. In: Vaagan, R.W. ed. The ethics of librarianship: an international survey. IFLA Publication 101. Munich: K.G. Saur, 2002, pp.302-322. Reprinted in New Library World 104, 1186 (2003) pp94-102.

‘Preserving a secret garden for the mind: the ethics of user privacy in the digital library’ with Ursula Iliffe. In: Rockenbach, B. and Mendina, T. eds. Ethics and electronic information: a festschrift for Stephen Almagno. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2003, pp.74-81.

‘Freedom of information, journalism and libraries’. In: Salonharju, I.ed. Kirja tietoverkkojen maailmassa. [A festschrift for Kai Ekholm]. Helsinki: Helsingin yliopiston kirjasto, 2003.

‘User privacy in the digital library environment: an investigation of policies and preparedness’. With Eric Davies et al. Library Management 24, 1/2 (2003) pp.44-50.

‘The archaeologist undeceived: selecting quality archaeological information from the Internet’. With Anne Griffin. Informing Science Journal, 6 [2003].

‘Why should we worry about privacy?’. CILIP Update, 2, I (2003) pp.46-47.


‘Corruption, transparency and a role for ICT?’. International Journal of Information Ethics, 2 [2004].

‘Demons, disease and the library in Africa’. Focus on International Library and Information Work 35, 3 (2004) pp.100-109.


‘FAIFE and the ethics of professional information in cyberspace’. In: M. Kocojowa ed. Professional Information on the Internet. Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press, 2005, pp. 35-43.

‘Understanding cultures, and IFLA’s Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) core activity’Journal of Documentation 61, 2 (2005) pp.296-505.

‘Access, literacy and relevance: a recipe for effective African libraries’. Free State Libraries (July-Sept 2005) pp.7-10.

‘Is privacy dead?’. CILIP Update 4, 11 (2005) p.16.


‘Why intellectual freedom matters’, In: Information, Innovation, Responsibility: Information Professional in the Network society. Proceedings of the 14th BOBCATSSS Symposium, 30th Jan. – 1st Feb. 2006. Tallinn, Estonia. Tallinn: Department of Information Studies, 2006, pp431-439.

‘Why intellectual freedom matters’, CABPEMEHA Biblioteka 23 [2006], pp.8-13.

‘It’s not cricket: laws of the game or guidance in ethical reflection for information professionals in Western Europe’. In: Firsov, V. ed. Modern problems of library and information ethics. St. Petersburg: Russian Library Association, 2006, pp.96-105.

‘IFLA’s FAIFE – Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression Core Activity’, Information Development 22 [2006] pp.162-3.

‘Limits to freedom of expression? Considerations arising from the Danish cartoons affair’, IFLA Journal 32 [2006] pp.181-188.

‘Freedom of access to information: A paradigm for the information professions’. Chapter commissioned for a book that was not published.

‘An access based information research agenda for Africa: Developed in the crude English style.’  Delivered at Prolissa Conference, Pretoria, November 2006.

‘Information services and the irrational’. With Peter Gooch. Information Development 22, 1 [2006] pp.26-31.


‘Corruption, transparency and a role for libraries’. In: Belan-Simic, A. and Sapro-Ficovic, M. eds.  Library Professional Ethics and Civil Society Ethical Norms. Zagreb: Croatian Library Association, 2007. pp.182-192.

‘Making use of ICT to facilitate poor people’s access public services: an action research programme’. With G. Sharma. Information Development, 23, 1 [2007] pp.15-23

‘FAIFE (Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression) Un departamento activo de la IFLA’. Educacion y Biblioteca 159 [2007] pp.89-91.

‘Warum geistige Freiheit so wichtig ist’. BuB Forum Bibliotek und Information, 7/8 [2007] pp.527-531.

‘Access as an ethical practical and practical principle for librarianship’. Published in Italian as ‘L’accesso come principio etico e pratico per la biblioteconomia’. Bibliotime, 10 [2007]

‘From fighting censorship to promoting transparency’.  In: Prochnicka, M. and Korycinska-Huras, A. Eds. Between Past and Future: Book, Library, Information Science – Social Functions over the Centuries. Krakow: Jagellonian University Press, 2007. Pp. 185-194.

‘What is this absence called transparency?’ Delivered at an ICIE Conference, Pretoria, February, 2007.


‘Finding the grey in the blue: transparency and disclosure in policing.’ . With Louise Cooke. The Grey Journal, 4(1), 2008, pp.21-28.

‘Intellectual Freedom and the science of climate change’. Published in Swedish as ‘Intellektuell frihet och vetenskapen om klimatforandring.’ BIS, 2, 2008, pp.24-27.

‘Save police time, beat yourself up: the problem of self-censorship.’ In: Hauke, P. Ed. Providing Access to Information for Everyone. Bad Honnef, Germany: Bock und Herchen, 2008.  pp.256-265.

‘IFLA’s new Transparency, Good Governance and Freedom from Corruption Manifesto: background and rationale.IFLA Journal, 34(4) 2008, pp.369-370, 383-384.

‘Self-censorship: Why we do the censors’ work for them’. Delivered at LIBCOM Conference, Russia, Nov 2008.


‘Libraries and Intellectual Freedom’. In Sitek, B. et al, eds. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Human Rights: The rights to knowledge and information in a heterogenic society. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009. pp. 4-12.

‘Police and media relations in an era of freedom of information’. With Louise Cooke. Policing and Society, 19(4), 2009, 406-424.

‘Stimulating IFLA’s Ethical Conscience: FAIFE 2003-9’. IFLA Journal, 35(2), 2009, pp.117-122.

‘Why is poo brown?’ Public Library Journal, 24(4) 2009, 15-18.

‘Information Ethics in the Twenty First Century’.  Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 40(4), 2009 pp.241-251


‘Comedy as freedom of expression’. Journal of Documentation, 66(2), 2010, pp.279-293.