End-users have not always been considered a priority audience. However, the IFLA Standing Committee affirms the importance of the national bibliography as a key cultural heritage resource and recommends that measures are taken to ensure public access to the information.

This category includes a highly varied range of users including:

  • Library patrons
  • Online users wishing to find and identify publications
  • Formal or informal groups and corporate bodies.

Numerous potential usage examples exist e.g.:

  • Printers identifying publishers to offer cooperation
  • Journalists to identify language/genre/origin patterns in publications
  • Organisers of book fairs
  • Identification of translators from/to specific language
  • Identification of illustrators

Information requirements from the national bibliography

End-users primarily need to obtain information on:

  • Authors and their publications
  • Subjects

In order to:

  • Identify works for further study or acquisition
  • Obtain access to publications
  • Produce lists of references

Expectations also include:

  • Access to electronic resources (taking into account rights, authentication and authorisation etc.)
  • Location information for traditional publications
  • Display or export of bibliographic records in appropriate formats

Descriptive metadata requirements (for offline files or printed national bibliographies):

End user requirements for display of results or citations are similar to those of reference librarians wishing to identify specific publications i.e. data displayed should include:

Search requirements (for online national bibliographies):

Search requirements are similar to those of reference librarians or book trade users and therefore require similar access points e.g.:

  • Author name
  • Ttle words
  • Language/country of publication
  • Publisher
  • Publication year
  • Subject headings or keywords
  • Publication type/genre/format
  • Standard identifiers (e.g. ISBN, ISSN, ISMN)